Comparative Comparison of New and Old Neighborhoods of Isfahan City Based on the Iranian-Islamic City Approach (Case Study: Shahshahan and Baharestan Neighborhoods)

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Professor, Department of Geography and Urban Planning, Faculty of Literature and Humanities, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Ahvaz, Iran.

2 Ph.D student of Urban Planning Geography, Faculty of Literature and Humanities, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Ahvaz, Iran.


In recent decades, Iranian Islamic cities have been heavily influenced by globalization, which has led to transformation and creating ambiguities in their physical manifestation. Due to the spread of foreign culture, this metamorphosis has moved away from the basic guidelines of the revealed teachings in the construction of the Iranian Islamic city and has brought about significant changes in the urban structure. Therefore, the main goal of the current research is the comparative comparison of the new and old neighborhoods of Isfahan based on the Iranian-Islamic city approach. Therefore, two neighborhoods (the old neighborhood of Shahshahan and the new neighborhood of Baharestan) were selected in the city of Isfahan. In this context, 39 indicators were selected in the form of four principles: mosque-centered (man's relationship with God), introversion (man's relationship with himself), neighborhood-centered (man's relationship with society) and naturalism (man's relationship with the universe). In the next step, research data was collected using the questionnaire technique and field studies. In the next step, the collected data was entered into spss software. Finally, the status of the two studied neighborhoods in terms of the indicators of the Iranian Islamic city was compared using an independent t-test. The results of the statistical analysis showed that the average of the two groups in the two studied neighborhoods have significant differences in 23 indicators, and also the average of the majority of indicators in Shahshahan neighborhood is much higher than Baharestan neighborhood. The biggest difference between the two studied neighborhoods is in mosque-oriented, introspective, neighborhood-oriented, and lastly, naturalism. An important point is that these two neighborhoods have very little difference in the nature aspect, apart from the two indicators of the presence of a yard in the house and the presence of a garden in the yard of the residential unit.


Main Subjects

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