Assessing and Analyzing the Access Status to Livelihood Assets Among Rural Areas of Marivan County in Order to Provide Sustainable Livelihood for Villagers

Document Type : Research Paper

Authors

1 Associate Professor, Department of Geography, University of Kurdistan, Iran.

2 Assistant Professor of Department of Geography and Rural Planning, Payame Noor University, Tehran, Iran.

3 Master of Geography and Rural Planning, Payame Noor University, Tehran, Iran.

Abstract

In the present study, the status of access to livelihood assets among rural villagers in Marivan County, were measured and analyzed. The nature of this descriptive-analytical research is quantitative-qualitative and data gathering is based on survey method. In the quantity part, how to access livelihood assets and in the qualitative part, the existing strategies of the villagers in relation to access to assets, the results obtained from it and the causes and factors affecting this situation have been examined and identified. The statistical population in the quantitative part included the heads of rural households living in the county. Using Cochran's formula and stratified distribution method, 320 questionnaires were randomly distributed among the heads of households. These questionnaires included (human, financial, natural, physical and social) of living assets. In the qualitative part, there was a need for in-depth interviews with knowledgeable people who were purposefully identified by snowball method. Analysis of findings; in the quantitative part with one-sample t-test and in the qualitative part with the basic theory method, showed that the access level of villagers in Marivan county is not in a satisfactory state due to the inappropriately calculated average of 2.64 at a significant level of 0.05.  This inadequacy of access status is measured among the four types of livelihood assets; based on financial, human, social and physical assets.  There were only the natural assets, which were assessed as fragile and relatively accessible and to some extent satisfactory.

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Main Subjects


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