عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
From the past times, rural areas as the basic communications have had a major role in the formation and flourishing of civilizations and decline of a great number of civilizations, is concerned to the destruction of villages and disregarding them as basic elements of production, and economic prosperity. At the present, one of the main elements of the production and environmental decline and inefficiency is poverty.So the study to identify poverty reasons and presenting solutions is essential. The present study analyzes the factors affecting the spatial distribution of poverty in rural areas, by emphasizing on the economic- social characteristics. This study is of applied one and from the view point of nature and method is of descriptive – analytical one.The method for collecting information is of library and field data collection (questionnaires, interviews) and descriptive statistics (mean, standard deviation) and inferential statistics were applied for analyzing information.The present research population is the families of Mahmoudabad county , located in West Azarbaijan Shahindezh township. The county has 26 villages with population in 2011 Census with 8206 Population and 2154 Households. With respect to the spread of the under study area and for detailed and accurate study, 11 villages were selected by Kocharan modified formula and distributed between different population classes of the village through classification sampling method. The results show that the elements of assets, education and banking credit are the most important factors affecting the spatial distribution of poverty in the study area.