عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
The increasing trend of rural waste in the country justifies the greater attention to rural waste management and its role in environmental protection. Rural waste collection due to plenty of villages and a small amount of rural waste requires spatial planning to cover a wider field by utilizing the economic and common use of equipment. The main objective of the present study is to evaluate the potential and location of the waste management system in rural areas of Shirvan and Chardavol. The research method of this study is a survey, developmental and Delphi combination, which its dominant approach is surveying.Statistical population of the present study were all villages with permanent residents, 198 villages. In order to study the community, all villages were surveyed and the required information was collected from tenants (55 Dehyaries) and informants (in 143 villages without a Dehyary) and members of the rural council (55 members of rural council) through a questionnaire.Also, in order to determine the appropriate standards for collecting rural waste, the required information was obtained from 65 managers of cooperative organizations and experts of the municipal organization of the country as well as Ilam governorate. To evaluate the coverage scenarios of rural waste management services, network analysis was used in Arc GIS software. According to the results of the study, only in 1. 52% of the under study villages, the produced waste material are collected and buried, 11.62% are collected, buried andde potted outside of the village, and 86.87% of the waste was not collected. Also, the most satisfaction of the villagers is between the time period of every other day and weekly. According to experts, the best service radius for shared waste management is the radius of 15 and 20 km (69%). In order to cover rural services, considering the available equipment, three scenarios were evaluated in total. The assessment of scenarios shows that if the equipment is properly organized, it will be possible to provide full service to the villages of the city.