عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
The inappropriate placement of certain industrial, production and service activities in urban spaces has negative effects on the physical and psychological well-being of citizens as well as on the urban landscape. The purpose of this article is to study the existing situation and to measure citizens' attitudes about the effects of workshops and industrial occupations on Gorgan entrances (east, west and north entrances), and inspired by the theoretical foundations of research and its adaptation with case study, was done in four dimensions: environmental, physical, cityscape, and traffic. The research method in this article is descriptive-analytical and the data collection is done by conducting field research, conducting surveys and using tools such as observation and questionnaire. The statistical sample includes 384 residents of these entries, which were chosen by the method stratified sample. The data was analyzed by the SPSS software using the Kolmogorov-Smirnov and Shapiro-Wilk test for normalization. Then, a non-parametric binomial test was used to analyze the abnormal data. The results show that, in terms of citizens, workshops and industrial uses based on the east and west entrances, they have adverse effects on the environmental status of these entries, while northern entry has relatively minor adverse effects. With regard to physical effects, Results at both east and west entry show relatively high impact, but in the case of the northern entrance, the difference between the mean and the cutoff point = 3 is not significant. In terms of impact on traffic and landscape, the east and west entry have a relatively large impact, while they have little impact on the northern entry. This ratio seems logical since the number of workshops and industries in the northern entrance is negligible compared to other entries. The results were compared with the results of previous external and internal research related to this study, the results showed that policymakers ignored the importance and value of natural resources and the environment in past planning, and that many industries were designed and operated independently of environmental considerations. Unplanned locations of industries and workshops, and without taking into account the zoning and land use rules, one of the fundamental problems of the cities studied. The results of this research confirm similar problems at the entrance of the city of Gorgan.