عنوان مقاله [English]
The imbalance in the spatial distribution of developments causes the formation of areas in which there is a clear contradiction in the development of central and peripheral areas. Such contradictions ultimately lead to changes in the quality of social and economic indicators, especially those related to poverty and livelihoods; There is a clear difference between these variables between rural and urban settlements in the provinces, which ultimately has led to the evacuation of most rural settlements. In the present study, with interpretive-structural analysis of the functional system of Semnan province, it has been tried to use the opinions of experts in the form of interviews and questionnaires, by examining the relationships between 80 variables and also using MICMAC software, production processes and poverty reproduction. Identify strategic variables for the evolution of this system. The results of the study show that the variable of water shortage has been one of the most important factors in the migration of the active population of villages to cities and as a result their evacuation. On the other hand, the value-added variables of total economic activities, capital flow, concentration of employment in cities, migration, concentration of active population in cities, existence of industrial estates and spatial and political dispersion of power in cities, by creating a sequence, have reproduced poverty in rural areas; Accordingly, by investing in the variables of water resources transfer and dam construction, improving the quality of the network of roads between urban and rural areas, as well as improving the agricultural sector and production in rural areas, unemployment and income reduction can be reduced and subsequently poverty can be prevented.