تحلیل سطح حس تعلق به مکان‌های تفریحی به‌واسطۀ تبیین معنای مکان (نمونۀ موردی: دهکدۀ تفریحی زاینده‌رود)

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسنده

استادیار، گروه معماری، مرکز تحقیقات افق‌های نوین در معماری و شهرسازی، واحد نجف آباد، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، نجف‌آباد، ایران

چکیده

معنایی که کاربران به مکان نسبت می‌دهند، در شکل‌گیری حس تعلق به مکان و سطح این حس تأثیرگذار است؛ با‌وجوداین، پژوهشگرانِ این حوزه به‌ندرت ارتباط میان معنای مکان و تعلق به آن را بررسی کرده‌اند. این مسئله در مناطق طبیعی و تفریحی با توجه به وسعت منطقه و طرح‌های راهبردی، از اهمیت بیشتری برخوردار است. این مقاله بر آن است که چگونگی تعلق افراد به محیط‌های طبیعی و شدت این تعلق را به‌واسطۀ معنای مکان بررسی کند. برای این منظور، دهکدۀ زاینده‌رود به‌عنوان مکانی تفریحی-اقامتی که از منابع طبیعی در استان اصفهان بهره‌مند است، به‌عنوان نمونۀ ‌موردی انتخاب شد. روش تحقیق در این مقاله، روش ترکیبی اکتشافی است. نخست برای شناسایی معانی‌ای که گردشگران به دهکدۀ تفریحی زاینده‌رود نسبت می‌دهند، از مصاحبه استفاده شد. معانی به‌دست‌آمده از مرحلۀ قبل برای طراحی پرسشنامه‌ استفاده شد و این معانی در قالب چهار عامل اصلی تعلق به مکان به پرسشنامه شکل داد. هدف از این پیمایش، بررسی تفکرات و احساساتی است که گردشگران با تعلقات متفاوت به نمونۀ مدنظر نسبت می‌دادند. نتایج این مقاله نشان می‌دهد که سطح بالای معنا در یک مکان، باعث ایجاد و افزایش شدت تعلق به آن مکان می‌شود. همچنین، زیبایی و منابع طبیعی منحصربه‌فرد به ترتیب بیشترین و ارتباط با دنیای طبیعی کمترین امتیاز را در سطح معنایی در میان افراد با سطوح مختلف حس تعلق به مکان داشتند. در میان عوامل مؤثر در ایجاد این حس، پیوند اجتماعی و هویت مکان به ترتیب بیشترین و کمترین امتیاز را در بین شرکت‌کنندگان این پیمایش داشتند. در انتها تأکید می‌شود که ایجاد تسهیلات تفریحی در این مکان‌ها باعث افزایش تعاملات اجتماعی و در ادامه، افزایش سطح حس تعلق به مکان در میان کاربران می‌شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Analyzing The Level of Recreational Places Attachment by Explaining The Place Meanings (Case Study: Zayandehrood Village)

نویسنده [English]

  • Narges Dehghan
چکیده [English]

The meaning that people assign to a location has a significant impact on how strong a feeling of place attachment is and how strong it is. Researchers in this discipline, on the other hand, have rarely looked at the relationship between a place's meaning and belonging to it. Due to the scale of the area and strategic plans, this issue is especially relevant in natural and recreational areas. As a result, the purpose of this essay is to look at how people engage in natural settings and the intensity of that connection via the sense of place attachment. As a case study, Zayandehrood village in Isfahan province was chosen as a recreational-residential location that benefits from natural resources. The mixed-method research approach used in this work was initially used to identify the meanings that tourists ascribe to the recreational village of Zayandehrood through an interview. The questionnaire was designed using the meanings collected in the preceding step, and these meanings were organized into four key attachment variables. The goal of this survey was to look into what tourists thought and felt about the sample with various attachments. The findings of this study reveal that a location's high level of meaning both builds and intensifies place attachment. The most excellent scores were for beauty and unique natural resources, respectively. Social bonding and place identity got the greatest and lowest scores, respectively, among the efficient variables in creating this sense among the survey participants. Finally, it is noted that providing recreational facilities in these locations enhances social interactions and, as a result, increases user attachment to the place.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • The Sense of Place Attachment
  • Place Meaning
  • Social Bonding
  • Beauty
  • Natural Resources
  • Zayandehrood Recreational Village
  • Isfahan
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